Statehood: February 14, 1912 (48th)
Population: 6,500,180 (July 2008 estimate)
State Size: 113,909 square miles (6th largest)
State Capitol: Phoenix
State Motto: Ditat Deus (God Enriches)
State Nickname: Grand Canyon State
Border States: California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah
State Flag: The lower half of the flag is a blue field, the upper half divided into thirteen equal segments, six light yellow and seven red. In the center of the flag is a copper-colored five-point star. The red and the blue are the same shades as the flag of the United States of America, and it measures four feet high and six feet wide. The flag was designed by Charles W. Harris and first sewn by Nan D. Hayden. Blue and yellow are the Arizona colors, and red and yellow the colors of the Spanish Conquistadores headed by Coronado who first came to Arizona in 1540. The copper star represents Arizona as the largest producer of copper in the nation.
State Seal: Arizona's main enterprises and attractions are represented in the seal. In the background of the seal is a range of mountains with the sun rising behind the peaks. At the right side of the mountains is a water storage reservoir and a dam, with irrigated fields and orchards. There are cattle grazing on the right, and a quartz mill and a miner with a pick and shovel on the left.
State Songs: "Arizona March Song" and "Arizona"
State Tree: Palo Verde. Its name means "green stick." It blooms a brilliant yellow-gold in April or May.
State Flower: Blossom of the Saguaro cactus. This pure white flower blooms on the tips of the saguaro cactus during May and June.
State Gem: Turquoise. It's a blue-green, waxy-surfaced stone used for centuries in Southwest Indian Jewelry. It can be found throughout the Southwest and is composed of hydrous oxide of aluminum and copper.
State Bird: Cactus Wren. It measures 7 to 8 inches in length, and its back is brown with white spots, and its throat is lighter colored with black spots. Its bill is curved down and there's a white line over each eye. Cactus wrens eat insects, seeds, and fruit. They often build their nests inside a cactus to protect them from predators.
State Fossil: Petrified Wood
State Mammal: Ringtail
State Reptile: Arizona Ridge-nosed Rattlesnake
State Fish: Apache Trout
State Amphibian: Arizona Tree Frog
State Neckwear: Bola Tie
State Butterfly: Arizona Butterfly, adopted in 2003.